Nowadays website maintenance is become more pro-active approach in term of security and hacking. Content management systems like WordPress, Drupal, Joomla etc. allows developers to build websites quickly. The ease of launching a website is very easy. Many developers who do not understand how to make their website secure. There are some pre-cautions required if you want to keep your website secured. There is always confusion at developer level about securing their website, and whose responsibility it is. They always end up that its Sever related things but that is not the case.
Let’s see Top 7 steps all website developers should take to make their website secured.
- Keep it updated always
It is very important to update your site as soon as a new plugin or CMS version is available. Those updates might just contain security enhancements or patch related security of your website.
You can check with your CMS Provider for latest plugins and patches available related strengthening of security of your website. Best thing to subscribe for their latest updates and read their blogs always.
- Apply Password Policy
The passwords you use can impend your website security. Most of the times developer keep insecure login credentials without knowing its effect. Sometimes it is shocking to see logins like admin/admin OR test/test; if this is the case then it’s almost like open door.
Follow below tips to have a strong password:
- Always store password in encrypted format.
- Do not re-use your password.
- Have long passwords
- Use random passwords.
- Change Password every month at least.
- Keep all password safe and store in password protected file
- Never ever keep password save in FTP or any such Client
- User Access Policy
It’s important that every user has the appropriate permission they require to do their part of maintenance. For example, if someone wants to update and post only news items on website then, why to give entire website access to him?. If someone assigned to only moderation permissions then give only those permissions to him. Same way publishers will have publish permission only. CMS to be carefully customized and monitored for all such user access.
- Plugin Selection
The CMS extensions are something developer always need, but it can sometimes dangerous. There are plugins, extensions that provide your required functionality but how do you know whether it is safe or not? Keep below in mind while selection of plugin or extension for your website or CMS:
- When the extension was last updated
- The age of the extension and the number of installs.
- Whether it’s from trusted sources or not?
- Setup Backup Policy
Website backups is very important to recover your website from security breech. A latest backup can help recover infected files/websites. A good backup methodology as per your need to be applied and tested right away when you make your website live. It should be Automatic and no manual intervention should require to backup. Depends on need it can be setup daily or weekly. Mock testing should be done to check backup policy.
- Web Server Tuning
Server configuration files are very powerful. Which allows you to execute server rules, including directives that improve your website security. Here are a few thing we recommend you for your web server:
- Prevent directory browsing.
- Protect sensitive files
- Apply proper rights on files as per need
- Allow only required execute permissions only
- Install SSL
SSL required to establish an encrypted link between a web server and a browser. SSL is not actually to protect your site against attacks and does not stop it from distributing but SSL encrypts communications from website server and user’s browser. This encryption prevents anyone from being able to intercept that traffic. SSL is mainly to protect passwords and credit card information. HTTP website always mark as “Not Secure”, and HTTPS is “Secured”. SSL should be applied to all websites for the very first level security.
If you follow above 7 steps you will surely increase the security of your website. But above steps alone will not guarantee that your site is 100% safe and will not be hacked ever, but following them will stop majority of automated attacks, and limit your risk.
Make sure your website is properly secured. If you need any further guidance, help or any assistance related to this then you can contact us. Even our CMS Solutions and Web Development Services can be taken up to build Secured Website.